No matter how upholstery is used in your home, it's important that the fabric stands up well to its usual level of use. Remove the sofa seat cushions if you aren't the original buyer, or if the selling store is no longer in business. There is no sense in rubbing surface dirt into the fabric. The first thing you must do before you start cleaning your sofa is identify the material, which can be anything from linen to leather. Look for tags sewn to the center of the seating deck, usually near the sofa's front edge. Here’s what to look for.GENERAL RULEReal antiques are imperfect and the flaws are inconsistent due to natural use and human construction. Luckily, there are some fairly reliable ways to help you identify fabrics yourself. Actually, hardwood just means ‘from a deciduous tree' and softwood means ‘from a coniferous tree', and some hardwoods (like aspen) are softer than some softwoods. Check the Fit. But if you invest in high-quality, durable furniture, you can enjoy it for years to come. Take a cushion or arm cover to the selling store if you can't find the paperwork and the store doesn't have it. Pick up the wood and smell it. If you buy cheap, fragile furniture, you may find yourself having to buy new furniture sooner rather than later. If the color difference is too great, they sell the fabric to retailers as seconds. Will pets sit on it too - and do you have allergies? How does it wash, dry, and iron? Lawson. Flea markets are another great place to find cost-effective fabric. Step 1 - Thoroughly vacuum the sofa to remove any surface dirt. What you want on exposed surfaces is a wood that's reasonably scratch-resistant. Furniture Bugs: How to Identify and Rid Them for Good. Pay attention to: Note the results of your test and compare it with descriptions of how different types of fabric react to being burned. Short of taking your fabric to a lab for identification, the fabric burn test is the most dependable way to determine a fabric material of unknown origin. The tag lists the manufacturer and the sofa model number. Stretchy fabrics like nylon or spandex lose their elasticity. How to Identify Pine Wood in Furniture. Sewing can be an expensive hobby if you rely solely on the craft store for your fabric, but you can find economical solutions to meet your fabric addiction needs. These questions may help you figure out a manufacturer. To identify genuine leather, look for a tag labeling the product as real leather, genuine leather, top or full grain leather, or made with animal products. Contact your salesperson if you can't find your original paperwork. Upholstered furniture receives varying degrees of use depending on the type of piece and where it's located. You may have to undo a few zippers or buttons to find them, or they may be crinkled in small creases or underneath the furniture. Sofa material. Compare what you see to pictures of different types of fabric magnified. Scent is a great indicator of real teak wood. When buying new furniture or fabric to re-upholster furniture, you might not be thinking of the actual material you are purchasing. The only problem with finding fabric this way is that you usually have no way to tell what you're getting––scrap fabrics usually don't come with labels. Chesterfield 3 Seater Sofa displayed in Hand-finished Antique Red. Synthetic fabrics may begin to break down over time, feeling oily or sticky. This sofa style is designed for comfort. For non-custom sofas, call the manufacturer with the sofa's model number and ask for the associated fabric number. Don't be fooled by the many types of fake leather that still contain the word leather in … With more than a decade of experience in interior decorating, she frequently writes about home design. Cleaning by a professional furniture cleaning service only is recommended. Leather also carries a certain flair to a person’s home. “T” Seat Cushion: The seat cushion that resembles a chunky letter “T” where extensions of the cushion cover the sofa’s front sides and under the armrests. How to Upholster a Footstool With Nail Heads, How to Blend New Updated Furniture Around an Outdated Sofa Pattern, Apartment Therapy: How to Combine Patterns Like a Pro, How to Get Fabric Samples for Broyhill Furniture. To identify fabric that is unknown, a simple burn test can be done to determine if the fabric is a natural fiber, man made fiber, or a blend of natural and man made fibers. Different dye lots have subtle color variations, and a patched area may not match the rest exactly. Clean this fabric with pure solvents (petroleum distillate-based products, Energine, Carbona, or similar products may be used) in a well ventilated room. When manufacturers dye fabric, they call the batch a dye lot. Contact the manufacturer with the tag information and ask for help to identify the pattern. Don’t try to patch it. However, a long-term employee may remember it and be able to direct you to another company or upholstery manufacturer that still offers the fabric. Store employees include the fabric number on the paperwork so the ordering department can request the correct fabric from the manufacturer. Silly me! Browse the store's upholstery samples for your pattern. If you selected the fabric for a custom sofa, the fabric... 2. A great space saver, this sofa bed easily folds up into a bed, giving you … Call the selling store with the information and ask if the pattern is still current and available. While some pests are easy to get rid off, others like to hide inside your furniture. What might start as a few bugs in your home, can quickly breed into an infestation. Teak wood has a high amount of natural oils, which helps it resist disease. Its signature design element is a back comprised of pillows separate from the frame.. What condition is the fabric in? However, this could be a big mistake. White, soft bristled brush. Seats should be … Identify teak wood by its leather-like smell. Short of taking your fabric to a lab for identification, the fabric burn test is the most dependable way to determine a fabric material of unknown origin. Sewing Machine Stitches: Which Stitch to Use and When, Gathering Fabric - Sewing Techniques to Gather Fabric, Adjusting Straight and Zigzag Sewing Stitches, Guide to Different Types of Fabric Grain in Sewing, Tips and Tricks for Sewing Slippery Fabric, How to Choose and Use Interfacing for Fabrics, Understanding Fabric Nap for Sewing Projects. Natural blends and fluffy textures are pleasingly … How to Identify It. Most stores keep records long after the sale. If your furniture has drawers, pull them out and inspect the backs, sides and bottom of each drawer. Fabric For Sofa/Couch Material. Lawson-style Sofa. Of the light-colored woods … Reproductions are symmetrical, smooth and the flaws are contrived rather than authentic. When cleaning upholstery it is very important to understand and identify what kind of fabric or fiber you are dealing with. I used to think hardwoods were hard and softwoods were soft. Debbie is an award-winning seamstress and tailor who wrote sewing content for over 18 years for The Spruce Crafts. He can probably identify the fabric number and... 3. You may also want to use the sofa fabric to upholster additional seating in your home, or to make matching window treatments. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Wayne Shielly; Bartlett Home Furnishings; Memphis, Tennessee. Another couch was listed as being upholstered in leather in the 'contact' areas, meaning the seat and back cushions are leather but the rest of the couch is covered in a mix of coated polyester and cotton. How old is the fabric? Step 2 - Located the manufacturer’s fabric care tag and double-check your couch’s fabric. Take a small swatch and try it out. You don’t have to be an expert to identify a genuine antique from a good reproduction — if you know how to spot a few indicative details. Think about how you’d describe the fabric eg: colour, pattern etc. The word "couch" comes from the French coucher, which means "to lie down." January 7, 2019 By Julia Carlisle. Many upholstery manufacturers discontinue fabrics and introduce new ones two or three times per year. She studied English literature at Lyon College. On drapery fabric, the pattern runs parallel to the length edge. Read your sofa order form or bill of sale, if you have it. You can test this easily enough by attempting to draw a thin line with your fingernail across the wood; if it makes a visible dent (use a flashlight here if necessary) you know it won't stand u… This silhouette of a Lawson is fairly similar to the English roll arm sofa, with the exception … Use this list to identify a number of some common types that antique furniture fans are likely to run across in their adventures. If you can't find it in your sofa manufacturer's samples, it has probably been discontinued. Basic Search. You'll clip a small swatch from your fabric, then slowly expose it to a flame from a lighter. Since we hand inspect all of our fabrics for flaws and each order is … There are over 100 different species of bugs that can live inside your home. How quickly the fabric burns––or if it melts or doesn't burn at all. Additional layers of plywood can help reinforce the frame, so as you can see, construction matters as much as material. Look over your furniture in areas such as the backside or underside. Check the swatch against your sofa for extreme dye lot differences. Fabric made with natural fibers may have damage on fold lines or insect infestation. A fabric burn test won't tell you the exact name of the fabric you're dealing with, but it will help you match laundering and pressing needs. Leah James has been a full-time freelance writer and editor since 2008. Perfect for small spaces, the modern fabric sofa bed and ottoman oozes with style. You can usually identify Pine by the distinct difference in color between the growth rings, knots, and the wood. Get DIY project ideas and easy-to-follow crafts to help you spruce up your space. Different types of fabric burn differently; cotton burns with a yellow flame and a smell reminiscent of leaves, while acrylic smells acidic and melts. It may also have finish and fabric numbers. While the burn test is the gold standard, you can also do some old-fashioned detective work, either to support your findings from the burn test or instead of doing a burn test. It continues to be a popular sofa design today. Home / Shop Online / Ask Us / FAQ / Fabric Finder / About Us / SAMPLES. Front Skirt Panel: The pleated part of the fabric covering found by the front of the foot of the sofa. For furniture upholstered with fabric, Stickley indicates which of the four industry standard cleaning codes applies to the primary fabric on the furniture. If your primary reason for identifying a fabric is to know how to care for it, this can provide you with your answers. The burn test is used by many fabric stores and designers and takes practice to determine the exact fiber content. Read your sofa order form or bill of sale, if you have it. The dark and light parts of the growth rings in Pine have great contrast. If you selected the fabric for a custom sofa, the fabric number is likely on the paperwork you received when you placed the order. When you're done, you should have an educated guess as to what type of fabric you have. 100% FIRST QUALITY GUARANTEE, utilizing quality control criteria substantially above the industry standard to be rated first quality. If your sofa has worn areas, buy enough fabric to reupholster the entire sofa. Perhaps you want to reupholster due to an accident or regular wear and tear. If your sofa was not a custom order, ask for the model number and manufacturer. One couch was described as being covered in a "durable fabric that has the same look and feel as leather" and is actually not leather at all. For contemporary and Mid-Century Modern sofas, look for solid colors or modest, tonal prints in flat weaves such as twill, or herringbone and other lightly textured weaves. Some questions to ask include: If you have a microscope on hand––even a cheap children's model––you can use that to get a closer look at your fabric. But with so many grains, coatings, and textures available, it can often become confusing as to which type would work best for your sofa. The reason for this design is to create a softer, more cushioned sofa with large cushions that aren’t taut within the frame of the sofa. He can probably identify the fabric number and tell you if the pattern is still available. If you’re still not sure, smell the material. The style of the sofa is another consideration when choosing fabric. Run your fingers across the surface grain to feel for tiny imperfections, which usually indicate real leather. Don’t assume your couch or chair only has one tag – sometime the seat cushions, back … A fabric burn test won't tell you the exact name of the fabric you're dealing with, but it will help you match laundering and pressing needs. Front Skirt: Fabric covering found at the front by the foot of the sofa. Leather is chic looking and many people really appreciate the overall mood that they create from this type of a sofa or couch. 3. Be aware that identifying the fabric pattern doesn’t mean the fabric is still available. Framed in wood and upholstered in dainty ivory or gray fabric, this item is a perfect balance of classic and glam look. Leather Vs. If you have friends that sew you can plan fabric swaps to clean out any fabric you don't think you'll use and maybe find something you will. Fabric Burn Test. Fabric mills typically have a level of variation considered acceptable. One of the most popular upholstery coverings for our sofas, chairs, corner sofas, sofa beds, and footstools is leather. Microfiber is polyester, so it should have a tag that says “S” for solvent. Seating Support . When choosing a material for your furniture, it’s important to think about the long-term benefits. If the tag states "full-grain," top-grain" or "genuine leather" and uses no other leather terminology, the sofa is most likely made of real leather. Whether used for lying down or sitting upright, the couch has a long history going back all the way to classical Greek and Roman times. Start off with a basic … Upholstery fabric has two distinct physical characteristics that immediately identify it as upholstery fabric. Instead, you are probably paying more attention to the pattern, color, and price of the couch, or fabric, you want. Contact your salesperson if you can't find your original paperwork. There is no sense in considering a couch if it doesn't fit you well. The natural fibers include fibers like Rayon, cotton and the wool respectively and these … At some point during the life of your sofa, you may need to identify the fabric pattern. The manufacturer should have the fabric pattern associated with the model number. If you must choose a sofa with a plywood frame, make sure it has at least 11 to 13 layers of plywood. Look for the tags on your furniture or upholstery. When people use leather for their sofa or couch, they find that they have an array of colors and styles to choose from. Caution: Water stains may become permanent and unable to be removed with solvent cleaning agents. Where did it come from? If you locate your sofa fabric in a fabric store, buy a swatch. The code is on a label affixed to every product, usually on the deck (beneath the seat cushions) or on the black cambric fabric … How to Identify a Sofa's Fabric Pattern 1. The first step to finding out if your attic clutter is actually buried treasure is to identify the maker of the furniture. Look for a tag on the sofa that lists what materials are used in the sofa. Contact the maker, or ask the store employee to call for you. 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